Literature References

Broecker,W.S. and T-H Peng. (1982) "Tracers in the Sea". Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory.

Falkowsky, P.E. "The Ocean's Invisible Forest". Scientific American, August 2002.

Idyll, C. P. (1973) Sci. Amer. 228(6), 22

Laws, E. A. (1999).“El Niño and the Peruvian Anchovy Fishery”. Edited by Edward A. Laws, Journal Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, Springer Netherlands, ISSN 0960-3166 (Print) 1573-5184 (Online), 9, 1 pp118-121.

Lewis, E., and D. W. R. Wallace. (1998). Program Developed for CO2 System Calculations. ORNL/CDIAC-105. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (

Martin J.H. (1990). "Glacial-interglacial CO2 change: The iron hypothesis." Paleoceanography 5(1): pp 1-13.

Morton, B.R.,G. Taylor and J. S. Turner. (1956). "Turbulent gravitational convection from maintained and instantaneous sources". Proc. Royal Soc. A, 234, pp1-23.

McDougall, T.J. (1978). "Bubble plumes in stratified environments". J. Fluid Mech. 85, part 4, pp655-672.

McDougall, T.J., D R. Jackett, D.G. Wright, and R. Feis. (2003) “Accurate and Computationally Efficient Algorithms for Potential Temperature and Density of Seawater”. J.Atm. Ocean Technology, 20, 5.

Skogen, M.D. (2004); “A direct estimate of the Namibian upwelling flux.” Accepted for publication in: Ecological, economical and social aspects of Namibian fisheries. U. R. Sumaila, S. I. Steinshamn, M D. Skogen and D. Boyer (eds), Eburon Publishers, Delft.

Wagner, W and H-J Kretschmar (2007) “International Steam Tables: The Industrial Standard IAPWS-IF97 for the Thermodynamic Properties and Supplemetary Equations for Other Properties: Tables, Algorithms, Diagrams, Software”, Springer.

Wichers, S., Reves-Sohn, R. & Terray, G. (2005). "New Constraints on the Thermal Power of the TAG Hydrothermal System and the Dynamics of the Water Column Plume". Eos Trans. AGU 86, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS33A-1466

Web References



WR03 of_the_Namibian_upwelling_flux.pdf


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